Vote my Name to christen Everjets new Airbus A320!

Vote  My Name to christen Everjets new Airbus A320!

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The Portuguese Everjets airline wants to name its new Airbus, and they will take suggestions from the public:
Batize o novo avião da Everjets.
Seja original e ajude-nos a escolher um nome para o novo avião da Everjets.
Envie a sua sugestão com os motivos pelos quais acredita que o avião deve ser batizado com a sua escolha. Entre todas as sugestões enviadas, a Everjets escolherá 20 nomes que depois serão colocadas a votação na sua página do Facebook.Tem até dia 25 de Maio para enviar a sua sugestão, ajude a batizar o nosso futuro

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My Story

Joseph Costa (Caniço, Santa Cruz, Madeira Island, Portugal, February 22, 1909 – Corning, New York, United States of America, November 11, 1998) was a distinguished Luso-American aviator, who achieved high international notoriety with his flight between the United States and Portugal, in 1936.

Commonly known as Joseph A. Costa or Joe Costa, he settled in Corning, New York, and was a pilot, flight instructor, FAA inspector, airplane mechanic and reseller. He founded an aviation company, the Costa Flying Service, operating in Corning–Painted Post Airport, until the early 2000s also owned by Costa and known as "Costa Airport" or "Costa Field".

José Costa made aviation history when in 1936 he attempted a transatlantic flight from the US to Portugal in his Lockheed Vega.

An early enthusiast of aviation, he dreamed about flying in his hometown in Madeira, thrilled by the seagulls' graceful flight. Costa was the first resident of Corning to get a pilot's licence, obtained at the Syracuse branch of the Curtiss Wright Flying Service when he was only 21 years old. His flight instructor was Fred. T. McGlynn. After a few hours he flew solo, over the Onondaga lake. After teaching Costa how to fly, McGlynn left Curtiss for the General Electric Company in Schenectady. He was assigned to test GEC beacon equipment and new altimeters. He had been the chief pilot of General Aviation Company, before the acquisition by Eastern Aeronautical Corporation, having then moving to Curtiss. He completed his pilot exam in Binghamton, with inspector Asbury B. Meadows of the Department of Commerce.

In 1930, José Costa had become determined to fly from New York to Madeira. At that time he owned an Brunner Winkle Bird A, registered NC834W, which was not capable of such a long flight. His father, John Costa, a railway worker, always provided support for his son's quest.

In the next few years he tried to raise money to buy a suitable airplane. The Lockheed Vega was the perfect aircraft for solo transatlantic flights, and was Amelia Earhart's preferred plane. Other models were coveted, like the Bellanca aircraft, the Lockheed Air Express.

On July 24, 1935 Joseph Costa finally acquired a Lockheed Vega in New Jersey, registered as NC105N. The Vega model 5, built in 1929, production number 117, was initially owned by Statoil and flown by the father of astronaut Buzz Aldrin. It was sold again on October 15, 1935 to Monroe T. Breed of Corning, NY. According to the NASM record, as of July 13, 1936, Mercury Aircraft, Inc. of Hammondsport, NY, installed additional gas tanks and heavy-duty landing gear from actor Art Goebel’s Vega and oil tanks from Amelia Earhart’s Vega (registration numbers not mentioned for either airplane).

The Christian cross symbol, the Portuguese military aircraft marking, was painted on the "Crystal City", despite the plane bearing an American registration.

By the middle of 1936 everything was set for take-off, but several setbacks made Costa postpone departure for a few months. The start of the Spanish Civil War caused the US government to block a direct flight to Portugal, due to the risk that a navigation error could lead to a landing in Spanish territory, thus forcing a trip via South America. Furthermore, concerns about flight safety from the authorities forced him to rebuild the engine, get approval for the additional fuel load, and undergo blind flying tests.

The flight departed on December 10, 1936 from the American Airlines Field (now Elmira-Corning Regional Airport) bound for San Juan, Puerto Rico, with a stopover in Miami.

Bad weather forced him to divert to Jacksonville (Florida), instead of Miami. On December 16 he sailed off to San Juan, Puerto Rico, departing Miami at 9:15 am assuming the risk of having to divert to Cuba or Haiti depending on weather conditions and fuel supply. He had six hours of autonomy, but at 5:30 pm the Pan-American Airways communication system was closed and there was no sign of him in any of the airports covered by Pan Am, Camp Columbia, outside of Havana (now Ciudad Libertad Airport), Santiago de Cuba, and in the Dominican Republic. Pan Am reported the day after that once more bad weather caused a diversion to Dajabón in the Dominican Republic amidst the border definition problems with Haiti. He was jailed immediately, but freed the next day, so he was able leave the country and avoid bureaucratic problems. He arrived in San Juan on December 17.

The subsequent legs were to Paramaribo in Suriname and Belém in Brazil. The most complicated part followed, a long flight over the jungle to Rio de Janeiro. Due to fuel exhaustion, gas having been pilfered from one of the tanks, he had to ditch in a field in Serro, state of Minas Gerais, on January 15, 1937. Although he sustained hardly any injuries, the Vega was damaged beyond repair, only the engine being salvaged. He still arrived in Rio at the controls of an airplane, a WACO having been provided by the Brazilian Military Aviation for him to complete the last leg, after taking off from Belo Horizonte.

Despite having to abort the journey, he received plenty of attention in Brazil, his feat being widely reported in the news. The local Portuguese community gave him honours,inviting him to visit cultural centres and participate in several events. He returned to the US in May. While in Brazil he had the opportunity to go the "Carnaval" in Belo Horizonte. He soon borrowed an airplane, a 90 hp Kreider-Reisner Challenger biplane, owned by Erwin Smith of Tioga and started flying. The Vega's engine, brought back to Corning, was sought by Howard Hughes who sent his representative to meet Costa.

The feat is mentioned in the book "Revolution in the Sky: The Lockheeds of Aviation's Golden Age" written by Richard Sanders Allen.

Later years
During WWII Costa was a CAA (later renamed FAA) examiner in Kansas and Iowa, evaluating young cadets seeking to enter the air force. His private licences had been suspended in 1941, and was restored only in December 1942.

After the war, starting in 1946, he dedicated his life to civil aviation. There was the option to become a test pilot for new aircraft, but he considered it to be a dangerous job and declined the opportunity, focusing instead on developing the Costa airport and flying services.

In 1993 the Empire State Aerosciences Museum gave him the Aviation Pioneer Award "in recognition of your outstanding contributions to the development and advancement of General Aviation."

In 1994 the Rochester Flight Standards District Office of the Federal Aviation Administration gave him a Lifetime Achievement Award, in recognition of his 65 years in aviation.

Also in 1994, the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Administration Administration, Eastern Region, gave him a Certificate of Appreciation in recognition of 65 years of distinction as an aviator.

José Costa with Jay Buxton record setting glider pilot, and his "Transporter".

José Costa with Jay Buxton, a record setting glider pilot, and his "Transporter".
The photo was taken on 1936-07-06, likely in Elmira NY, during a gliding contest where he proved his skill soaring through the air.

Jay is the third from left, after his (likely) daughter Lucretia herself an aviation pioneer.

JB set a DURATION class record in that year: Two SEATER-8 hours 48 minutes--Albert C. Slatter, Jay Buxton, Buxton "Transporter" sailplane, at Elmira, N. Y., July 4, 1936. 

His glider was used to set two other records:
DISTANCE: Two SEATER-25 miles, Albert C. Slatter, John Batterson, Buxton "Transporter" sailplane, Elmira, N. Y., June 28, 1936.
ALTITUDE: Two SEATER-5,967 feet, Albert C. Slatter, John Batterson, Buxton "Transporter" sailplane, Elmira, N. Y., June 28, 1936.

Jay B's records:

The Transporter:


Jay Buxton's daughter Lucretia, a pilot:

More on Jay B.

José Costa at New Bedford, Massachusetts

José Costa at New Bedford, Massachusetts, taken on 8/8/1931 for the Festa Madeirense.
From the book "Da Madeira a New Bedford: Um capítulo ignorado da emigração portuguesa nos Estados Unidos da América" a great tale of Madeira's diaspora written by history researcher Duarte Mendonça"

Author profile
A native of Funchal, Madeira, Duarte Mendonça holds a master's degree in English and American Culture and Literature from the University of Madeira, Portugal. He has written extensively on the history and culture of Madeira and about the Madeiran diaspora. Among his many publications are three books: João de Lemos Gomes (1906-1996): Vida e Obra (2006), Da Madeira a New Bedford: um capítulo ignorado da emigração portuguesa na América (2007), and Impressões de uma viagem à América (2009).

He is a regular contributor to the Portuguese Times, with a weekly column entitled "Fórum Madeirense." He is also co-organizer of the CD editions of the historical recordings of Lomelino Silva ("The Portuguese Caruso"), and the Camacha Folklore Group.
In Portuguese:
Natural do Funchal, Duarte Mendonça é licenciado em Letras e Literaturas Modernas, variante de Francês/Inglês pela Universidade da Madeira, onde também concluiu o Mestrado em Cultura e Literatura Anglo-americanas. Tem dois livros publicados, João de Lemos Gomes (1906-1996) - Vida e Obra (Funchal 500 Anos, 2006) e Da Madeira a New Bedford - Um capítulo ignorada da emigração portuguesa nos Estados Unidos da América (Drac, 2007). É colaborador regular da imprensa luso-americana nos Estados Unidos, nomeadamente no Portuguese Times, de New Bedford, Massachusetts, e na revista ComunidadesUSA, de Nova Iorque, tendo ainda inúmeros artigos publicados em jornais e revistas madeirenses. Fez ainda algumas breves incursões pelo campo musical, em estreita colaboração com a Tradisom, de que resultou a edição de dois discos "O Baile da Camacha" (2008) e "Lomelino Silva - O Caruso Português" (2009). Presentemente é funcionário da Biblioteca Municipal do Funchal.

This is the book, a must read:

José Costa: A Pessoa e o Intrépido Aviador

José Costa, nascido no Caniço, Concelho de Santa Cruz, Ilha da Madeira, Portugal a 22 de Fevereiro de 1909, foi um exemplar aviador luso-americano , que alcançou grande notoriedade internacional com o seu voo entre os Estados Unidos da América e Portugal, em 1936.

José Costa em frente do seu American Eagle A1 NC834W no início dos anos 30

José Costa era natural do Caniço (Concelho de Santa Cruz, Madeira), e emigrou para os EUA com 6 anos, mas falava português e nunca perdeu a ligação com a terra. Mais conhecido como Joseph A. Costa ou Joe Costa, radicou-se em Corning, no estado de Nova Iorque, foi piloto aviador, instrutor de voo, inspector da Administração Federal de Aviação americana, reparador e vendedor de aeronaves. Fundou uma empresa de aviação que ainda hoje tem o seu nome, Costa Flying Service, que opera no aeroporto Corning–Painted Post Airport. Este aeroporto chegou a ter o nome "Costa Airport" nos anos 40 e 50 do século XX. O seu filho, Joseph R. Costa ficou a gerir a empresa e é actualmente director do aeroporto.
Obteve a cidadania americana em Abril de 1936.
Faleceu Corning, Estado de Nova Iorque, Estados Unidos da América, 11 de Novembro de 1998. 
Foi casado e teve um filho e uma filha.

Voo Transatlântico Estados Unidos Portugal em 1936
José Costa ficou para a História como pioneiro da aviação quando em 1936, a bordo do seu Lockheed Vega tentou fazer um voo EUA-Portugal via Brasil. O Avião tinha o nome "Crystal City", e apesar de ter registo americano, ostentava a Cruz de Cristo pintada na fuselagem. Construído em 1929, este Vega foi inicialmente da Statoil, e pilotado pelo pai do astronauta Buzz Aldrin . O NC105N foi adquirido uma segunda vez por José Costa que o re-matriculou como NR105N para "testing and long-distance flying".

Já desde 1930 que José Costa vinha a anunciar a sua determinação em voar desde Nova Iorque para a Madeira (apesar de de que a primeira aterragem na Ilha fez-se apenas em 1957).

A meados de 1936 já tinha adquirido o Vega, e estava tudo preparado para descolar, mas vários contratempos fizeram-no adiar a partida vários meses. O início da Guerra Civil Espanhola fez com que o governo americano não autorizasse o voo directo para Portugal, desde modo forçando um viagem via América do Sul. Dúvidas em relação à segurança de voo por parte das autoridades obrigaram-no a fazer revisão ao motor do avião, aguardar parecer sobre quantidade de combustível permitida, e a testes de visão.

O voo começou a 10 de Dezembro de 1936 do American Airlines Field (agora Elmira-Corning Regional Airport) com destino a San Juan, Puerto Rico, fazendo escala em Miami. Mau tempo fez com que aterrasse em Jacksonville no estado da Flórida, e depois rumasse directamente a San Juan. Novamente o mau tempo obrigou-o a aterrar em Santo Domingo, na República Dominicana, a meio de mais um golpe de estado. Foi imediatamente preso, e libertado no dia a seguir para que seguisse viagem evitando problemas burocráticos.

As seguintes pernas foram para Paramaribo na Guiana Holandesa (actual Suriname) e Belém no Brasil. A parte mais complicada viria a seguir, um voo longo por cima da selva até ao Rio de Janeiro. Por falta de gasolina, roubada de um dos tanques, viria a aterrar de emergência num campo em Conceição do Serro (actualmente Conceição do Mato Dentro), Minas Gerais, a 15 de Janeiro de 1937 . Não tendo sofrido ferimentos de maior, infelizmente o Vega ficou destruído, salvando-se apenas o motor. Ainda chegou ao Rio aos comandos de um avião, tendo-lhe sido emprestado um WACO pela Aviação Militar Brasileira para que completasse a última perna.

Pese ao ter de abortar a empreendedora viagem, foi alvo de várias homenagens do Brasil, feito amplamente noticiado em jornais locais. A comunidade portuguesa fez-lhe diversas honras, tendo sido convidado para visitar centros culturais e a participar em vários eventos.

O feito é relatado no livro " Revolution in the Sky: The Lockheeds of Aviation's Golden Age" de Richard Sanders Allen.

Carreira na aviação
Durante a segunda guerra mundial José Costa foi examinador de cadetes em treino para ingressar nas forças aéreas dos vários ramos militares americanos, pela Civil Aeronautics Administration actualmente denominada de FAA. Esteve em vários centros de treino de pilotos, no estado do Kansas e Iowa.

Depois da guerra dedicou-se exclusivamente à aviação civil, tendo optado não ingressar nas companhias aéreas como piloto. Explorou o aeroporto, que tinha o seu nome (conhecido por "Costa Field" ou "Costa's Airport"), fazendo air shows, e outros eventos. Também estabeleceu a sua companhia de aviação, que oferecia formação e outros serviços de voo.

Em 1993 recebeu o "Aviation Pioneer Award" do Empire State Aerosciences Museum, em reconhecimento pela sua contribuição para o desenvolvimento e avanço da "general aviation"

Em 1994 recebeu o "Lifetime Achievement Award" do Rochester Flight Standards District Office da Federal Aviation Administration, em reconhecimento dos seus 65 anos na aviação.

Em 1994 recebeu também o "Certificate of Appreciation" do U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Administration Administration, Eastern Region, em reconhecimento dos 65 anos de distinção como aviador.